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  • EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing) therapy FAQ
  • How does EMDR work?

    Eye movements help us to unlock the traumatic experience, so the eye movements enhance the trauma processing. So it can be eye movements, it can be tapping, it can be like some other auditory stimuli that we use in EMDR. So this is the way to unlock the trauma that is stored in our brain in this state specific form.

  • What are the 8 phases or EMDR treatment?

    Phase one is the history taking, phase two is the preparation phase. Phase three up to phase six is the desensitisation phase. Phase seven is the re-examination of the reprocessing of the memory and phase eight is check with the client if the process has been done properly.

  • What conditions can EMDR be used for?

    EMDR started as a PTSD treatment but nowadays you have adapted the original protocol, so this means that we can employ EMDR for generalised anxiety disorder, for phobias, for body dysmorphic disorder, for chronic fatigue, for obsessive compulsive disorder, for borderline personality disorder, like for various disorders so it can be applicable to most of the disorders nowadays and we have done a lot of work on adapting our protocol so it can be very versatile.

  • What is an example of EMDR treatment helping a patient?

    So an example is let's say that the client came who is a victim of rape and say, "I'm damaged." This is a negative belief, okay? And I ask the client, "When you think about this event, what would you like to believe about yourself?" "That I survived." Okay. So it's very important to identify these recognitions. So after that, we start the desensitisation. Desensitisation means habituation. So we start talking about the traumatic experience plus using the bilateral stimulation. The bilateral stimulation is the eye movement, or it can be tapping, or it can be auditory stimuli. So in EMDR we believe that if we talk about the trauma and use a bilateral stimulation, that the traumatic experience can unlock. So the traumatic experience is locked in the brain in a state-specific form. So in order to unlock this traumatic memory, we need to use the talking treatment plus the bilateral stimulation. And it has been proven as a very effective treatment so far.

  • What is EMDR?

    So first of all EMDR is a revolutionary treatment. I'm a fervent proponent of this treatment, and I use it all the time. It stands for eye movement desensitisation reprocessing. It's a very long name, isn't it? So EMDR has been extensively researched and has been proven to be the best treatment so far for post-traumatic stress disorder, and we can use EDMR for other disorders as well, such as generalised anxiety disorder and phobia. It's not only PTSD-specific but it started as a PTSD treatment.

  • What is involved with EMDR treatment?

    EMDR is characterised by standardised protocols and procedures. So first, you have the history taking. We identify the presenting problems and other clinical significant events that play crucial role in our clients' lives, and then we set up the goals for our treatment. In the phase two in the EMDR, we do EMDR installation work. What does it mean? So we try to equip our clients with a lot of skills in order to tolerate the distress that a treatment like that may evoke. So in phase three, we identify with our clients the trauma, the traumatic experience. So we ask them like which is the worst part of a traumatic experience, and we ask them to identify a negative and the positive cognition about this experience.

  • What is the history of EMDR?

    So EMDR, founded by Dr. Shapiro in 1989, and patented by her. So, she had a road traffic accident, and she realised that when she accidentally started moving her eyes from one side to the other that something was going on in her brain so the memory started losing its emotionality and its vividness. So then, she said, "Let's investigate that further." So then, she recruited a couple of people with the same experiences, and she found out that when we use the eye movements, the memory can get unlocked and reprocessed in a very effective way.