Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
What is Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)?
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a different kind of ‘talking therapy’ that aims to solve a person’s current problems. It is defined as a “structured, short-term, present-oriented psychotherapy for depression, directed toward solving current problems and modifying dysfunctional (inaccurate and/or unhelpful) thinking and behavior.” (Beck, J.S. 2011).
How does CBT help?
By taking (what can feel like) insurmountable tasks and teaching you how to apply a pragmatic and objective view point to these issues, CBT gradually changes the way you look at everyday challenges.
With CBT, the therapist acknowledges that there may be behaviours that you cannot control through rational thought. Rather, these harmful coping strategies are as a result of prior conditioning from the environment and other internal or external stimuli.
What conditions can CBT treat?
CBT has been known to be equally as effective, if not more effective than, anti-depressants, and is prescribed for mental health conditions like:
- Moderate Depression and Anxiety
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Eating disorders such as Anorexia and Bulimia
There is some evidence suggesting that CBT is also effective for attention deficit disorder (ADHD), hypochondriasis, dealing with multiple sclerosis, sleep disturbances due to ageing, dysmenorrhea and bipolar disorder.
What can you expect from a session?
A typical one-on-one CBT session starts with discussing what it is you would like to talk about that day. With a therapist’s help you will dismantle each problem into small, digestible parts that can beeasily analysed. Each session usually lasts from 30 minutes to an hour, and the courses usually consists of around 6 to 12 sessions.